Gum diseases can be highly painful and result in certain symptoms that affect your oral health significantly. Gum diseases usually start as gingivitis, which is the inflammation of the gums combined with minor symptoms. If left untreated for a prolonged period of time, it can advance to a more severe form called periodontitis. Most patients with gum diseases will not have even the faintest idea that they are suffering from such an oral condition, which makes it all the more dangerous.
How can gum diseases be prevented?
Maintaining optimum oral hygiene by thoroughly brushing and flossing is the best way to keep gum diseases at bay. In addition, visit your dentist at least once every six months so that they can examine the mouth and check for the onset of any infections. During the consultations, the dentist will also remove the plaque and tartar deposits to avoid cavities and gum diseases.
What are the symptoms of periodontitis?
- Bleeding gums
- Discharge of pus from the gums
- Throbbing pain when you bite or chew food, brush the teeth, etc.
- The gums may appear swollen and red
- Receding gum line and deeper gum pockets
- Severe bad breath due to decayed gum tissues
- Damage to the tooth roots and jawbone.
Do gum diseases have health risks?
Yes. Gum diseases are known to play a significant part in some health concerns such as heart diseases, stroke, diabetes, kidney-related infections, etc. Gum diseases are caused by the microbes in the tartar deposits near the gum line. When the gum tissues decay, the blood vessels tend to rupture, and bacteria can enter the bloodstream. When they reach various organs of the body, they can cause infections, inflammation, etc.
How are gum diseases treated?
Dentists treat gum diseases by scaling and root planing. These procedures are used to remove the tartar deposits from the surfaces of the teeth and roots. Further, the decayed gum tissues can be removed using laser therapy, and healthy tissues extracted from a different part of the mouth can be grafted to the infected area. Antibiotic medication such as Arestin is used to control the spread of the disease and heal the tissues better.
To have a consultation with our dentists, please schedule an online appointment or call us at (650) 780-9429, and we will be happy to help.