A dental extraction is a procedure of removing a natural tooth entirely from the mouth. Extractions are pretty simple procedures that are performed by a trained dentist. Since it could be painful and uncomfortable for the patients, we will administer local anesthesia to numb the teeth, jawbone, and soft tissues of the mouth. If you feel too anxious during the procedure, we can offer mild sedation to ease your nerves.
When is an extraction required?
Dentists always try their best to ensure the safety of the natural tissues of the mouth. We use several types of oral treatment and restorations. However, if the tooth is beyond any form of treatment or restoration, we will have no choice but to extract it. Here are some of the cases where we may have to remove a tooth:
Cavities: Cavities are common oral conditions caused due to the decay of the tissues of the teeth. Cavities have to be treated and restored using fillings during the early stages itself. Failing to do so can allow the cavity to grow broader and deeper, which can advance on to the root canal cavity. The dentist may try to save the tooth using a root canal therapy. But, if the tooth is severely decayed, it may have to be extracted to keep the adjoining teeth and jawbone from getting infected.
Damaged teeth: External oral trauma can lead to chipped, cracked, or broken teeth. We usually treat the patient for injuries and suggest restorative options, such as crowns, veneers, composite bonding, etc. But, if the tooth is damaged beyond any restoration, it is best to get it extracted.
Crowding: Crowding is a type of malocclusion where the teeth appear to have overlapped over one another. This usually occurs due to a smaller dental arch. The dentist may suggest orthodontic aligners such as braces or Invisalign, which will require an extraction to be performed. This is done to make space for the teeth to move to their orthodontically right positions.
How is an extraction performed?
The dentist will thoroughly diagnose your oral condition and determine if the tooth can be restored or treated. If not, the dentist will prepare your tooth for the extraction. Local anesthesia will be administered, and you will lose sensation in the mouth after a few minutes. The dentist firmly grips the tooth using dental forceps and shakes the tooth. This will loosen it from its socket. The dentist then removes the tooth in one go by pulling it out, and you will have to bite into a piece of gauze to stop the bleeding. Aftercare instructions will ensure optimum healing of the wound.
After Tooth Extraction
After tooth extraction, it’s important for a blood clot to form to stop the bleeding and begin the healing process. Bite on a gauze pad for 30-45 minutes immediately after the appointment. If the bleeding or oozing still persists, place another gauze pad and bite firmly for another 30 minutes. You may have to do this several times to staunch the flow of blood.
After the blood clot forms, it is important not to disturb or dislodge the clot. Do not rinse vigorously, suck on straws, smoke, drink alcohol, or brush teeth next to the extraction site for 72 hours. These activities may dislodge or dissolve the clot and hinder the healing process. Limit vigorous exercise for the next 24 hours, as this increases blood pressure and may cause more bleeding from the extraction site.
After the tooth is extracted, you may feel some pain and experience some swelling. An ice pack or an unopened bag of frozen peas or corn applied to the area will keep swelling to a minimum. Take pain medications as prescribed. The swelling usually subsides after 48 hours.
Use pain medication as directed. Call our office if the medication doesn’t seem to be working:Palo Alto Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Phone Number 650-78-9429. If antibiotics are prescribed, continue to take them for the indicated length of time even if signs and symptoms of infection are gone. Drink lots of fluids and eat nutritious, soft food on the day of the extraction. You can normally eat as soon as you are comfortable.
It is important to resume your normal dental routine after 24 hours. This should include brushing and flossing your teeth at least once a day. This will speed healing and help keep your mouth fresh and clean.
After a few days, you should feel fine and can resume your normal activities. If you have heavy bleeding, severe pain, continued swelling for 2-3 days, or a reaction to the medication, call our office immediately: Palo Alto Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Phone Number 650-780-9429.
To have a consultation with our dentists, please schedule an online appointment or call us at (650) 780-9429, and we will be happy to help.